This family is still under research. It is very likely that there will be new information added in the course of time.
Prior to my research we knew that the Szaniawski family came from Radom. My mother's uncle had a theory that the family came from Szaniawy - a village south-east of Warsaw. This information is based on my mother's oral testimony so it cannot be treated as a definite truth (mainly because she heard it as a child and many tens of years passed since and we can't check it with uncle Franek any more). To prove or abolish this theory I will have to search back in time to see whether I can establish a connection between this possible historic ancestral locations and the ancestral locations I discovered through my research where Szaniawski family/families lived in the 18th and 19th centuries. Like with the Pieniążeks who married into the Szaniawskis I had a problem with locating some family members, for example birth record of my 2 x great grandfather. When I finally found his marriage record in Jedlińsk in 1851 it gave enough answers to locate my branch of the Szaniawski family. Chances are that I will never be able to connect my Szaniawskis with Trzebieszów - the parish for Szaniawy - because the records for the village (Parznice) where they lived in the 19th century don't go beyond the very end of the 18th century but I am still very pleased I could take the family history back to around 1760.
In the marriage record of my 2 x great grandfather Alexander we read that his father was an heir of a part of the village called Parznice. When I started searching for more information on Parznice it turned out that for a small village that it is today there is quite a lot of information because Parznice was the only in the area typical village inhabited by many families of impoverished gentry. None of them could most probably prove their nobility to the Russian rulers when the Heraldic Office was established in 1836 (replacing the Temporary Committee for the Recognition of Nobility set up in 1832) but nevertheless in all vital records titles reserved for members of nobility are applied to these families' members. Parznice is mentioned in the Geographical Dictionary of the Polish Kingdom and Other Slavonic Lands (I copied the passage on Parznice into this article) and the Szaniawskis are one of 4 families residing there mentioned in the dictionary - which means that the Szaniawskis were still living there at the very beginning of the 20th century. Right now a quick look at the cemetery for Parznice does not find ANY grave with this family name. As far as my line goes - it is extinct in the male line and it moved out of Parznice sometime in the middle of the 19th century.
As far as siblings of Paweł Szaniawski (my 3 x great grandfather) go, his 2 brothers died unmarried, so far I cannot locate his brother Stanisław so I don't know whether he had any descendancy, and his 2 sisters married into Iżyński and (most probably) into Wybranowski families and so far I have not established whether these lines continue until the present time.
It has to be said that the records for Parznice (and other villages in the parish) were not run in a very meticulous way (especially in the beginning of the 19th century) depriving us this way of a lot of information that should have been taken down like for example names of parents of people getting married. Even with these obstacles I managed to identify several Szaniawski families which I list below (including my own family). With earlier records missing it will be impossible to prove how they were related to each other but chances are that they were. Also it has to be said that only the dates of the recorded events (births, marriages and deaths) coming from the records found can be treated as certain. Age given in various documents on the basis of which years of birth have been approximated should be treated with caution since even between records there are big differences in age of particular people.
this family is currently under research
1-Józef Szaniawski b: abt 1760, d: 20 Jan 1840 in Parznice (par. Kowala Stępocina)
+Piotr Iżynski b: abt 1817
2-Paweł Szaniawski b: abt 1782, d: 24 Jan 1867 in Gozdowa/Gózd (RC Skaryszew)
+Aleksandra Worowska b: abt 1793, m: 1817 in Odechów, d: bef 18 Feb 1851
3-Franciszka Szaniawska b: abt 1817, d: 17 Sep 1818 in Tomaszów (RC Odechów)
3-Józef Szaniawski [in Gozdowa/Gózd in 1867]
3-Józefa Zofia Szeniaska b: 11 Mar 1818 in Tomaszów (RC Skaryszew)
+Bonawentura Przyborowski b: abt 1809
3-Alexander Szaniawski b: 29 Dec 1819 in Tomaszów (RC Odechów), d: bef 1829
3-Katarzyna Szaniawska b: abt 1825, d: 1827 in Skaryszew
3-Tekla Szaniawska b: 9 Sep 1827 in Skaryszew, d: bef 1867
3-Maryanna Szaniawska [in Czyżów in 1867]
3-Aleksander Szaniawski b: 28 Nov 1829 in Bujak (RC Krzyżanowice) - Grażyna Rychlik's 2 x great grandfather
Rychlik's 2 x great grandfather
+Maryanna Pieniążek b: 22 Mar 1830 in Jedlińsk
4-Jan Nepomucen Szaniawski b: 16 May 1853 in Owadow (RC Wsola), d: 27 May
1908 in Radom
+Rozalia Paulina Bociańska b: 16 Jun 1860 in Radom, d: 2 Mar 1939
5-Franciszek Szaniawski b: 18 Sep 1884 in Radom
5-Regina Szaniawska b: 7 Aug 1890 in Radom, d: 20 Jul 1929
4-Maryanna Szaniawska b: 6 Apr 1859 in Kamienisko (RC Wsola)
4-Marcelli Szaniawski b: 4 Jun 1860 in Kotarwice (RC Radom), d: 1912
+Feliksa Bieniek b: 15 Mar 1868 in Janiszew (RC Radom), d: 1956 in Radom
5-Maria Szaniawska b: 1893, d: 1919
5-Walera Szaniawska b: 1896, d: between 1939-1945 in Warszawa
5-Stacha Szaniawska b: 1899, d: in Radom
5-Jozef Szaniawski b: 21 Jan 1902 in Radom, d: in Radom
5-Jan Szaniawski b: 1905, d: 1943-44 during WW2/date & place unknown
5-Zofia Szaniawska b: 1911, d: 1945 in Radom during WW2/date & place
4-Antoni Szaniawski b: abt 1861 in Kozłów (RC Wsola)
+Paulina Pieniążek b: abt 1855
5-Maryanna Szaniawski b: 2 Jul 1882, b&d in Jedlińsk
5-Franciszek Szaniawski, b: 1884, b&d in Jedlińsk
+Marianna Langiewicz b: 1884, b&d in Jedlińsk
4-Feliks Jozef Szaniawski b: 10 May 1867 in Wsola
+Anna Szrubarek b: 7 Jul 1869 in Radom
5-Janina Szaniawska b: 1 Dec 1899 in Radom
2-Ignacy Szaniawski b: abt 1794, d: 29 Jun 1840 in Parznice (RC Kowala Stępocina)
2-Wiktor Szaniawski b: abt 1799, d: 31 May 1849 in Parznice (RC Kowala Stępocina)
According to the contemporary official web site of Kowala district (district for Parznice then and now) the list of tax payers for the year 1789 names among other land owners of Parznice Józef Szaniawski (who was my 4 x great grandfather, born abt 1760 - or it was this other Józef Szaniawski - they could have been one and the same person) and Xawery Szaniawski whose family I also found and I strongly support the idea that he was Józef's brother but this may not be true. There are earlier documents (but not vital records) which I have not yet had an oppurtunity to study. For example according to the tax payers list from 1569 there are no Szaniawskis living in Parznice at that time which means that they came (maybe married into) to the village later on.
The interesting thing about Parznice is the fact that it was the only zaścianek (a village where impoverished gentry lived) in the area. This impoverished gentry did not visually look very different to peasants. However, their houses (still wooden) were a little 'grander' by the added porch. Even though most of this poor gentry farmed their own land they had the right to carry a sabre attached to their belt, vote in the local diets, vote for the king and under the very equal laws in Poland actually stand in the elections* to be the king of Poland. Zaścianeks and impoverished gentry immediately bring to any Polish mind the book (or televised version of the book) Nad Niemnem (On the Niemen River) which tells a story of peasants, impoverished gentry and wealthier land owner who however is related to those poor noblemen. Written by one of the leading women-writers of her times, Eliza Orzeszkowa (1841-1910), who came from Grodno area (today in Belarus), the book is a record of a zaścianek life in historical and social context of Poland of the 19th century.
*In 1572 when the second royal dynasty of Poland died out the Parliament of Poland decided to introduce a new system of determing who the king of Poland would be. The system was established in the circumstances when there was no hereditary heir to be put on the throne and continued till the end of the existence of Poland. Under this system Polish gentry (men only) had the right to choose the king of Poland in direct elections - they also had the right to be elected the king of Poland. To vote for the king they had to come to the election field - royal elections were held in Warsaw and in fact they were parliamentary diets of a special kind.
below a passage [in the original language/Polish] on the history of Parznice taken from the district website www.kowala.pl (November 2009)
Copyright (text and photographs) © Grazyna Rychlik & Guiding Services Poland 2005-2014